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Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)

CJD is a rare neurodegenerative condition that affects tissues in the brain, nerves and spinal cord. Last year, the Brain Research Trust funded two PhD studentships researching CJD and related prion diseases.

About Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)

CJD is caused by an abnormal protein, called prion, which contaminates the nervous system.

CJD may have been passed to humans through beef products infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). A new variant of the disease, vCJD, which mostly affects people in their mid-twenties, appears to be linked to BSE.  

However, there are four different types of CJD and infection is not always the cause of this condition. For example, the cause of sporadic CJD, which accounts for 85% of all CJD cases, still remains unknown.

For more in-depth information about symptoms, causes and treatments, please visit the NHS website.